Want to know what your customers really think of you? Sometimes, the easiest way to find out is to just ask! In many cases, market research is really that simple, though it helps to go in with a list of questions to ask your customers.

Over the last two weeks, we’ve focused heavily on market research for small business. Our first article provides a crash course in market research and our second provides a list of ways for you to inexpensively get started.

In both articles, we extol the virtues of asking your customers for their opinions. For that reason, we’ve made a list of 23 questions that you can ask your customers. You can use these questions for one-on-one interviews and surveys alike!

First time marketing your small business?
We know marketing can be confusing. Download our free marketing checklist for advice.

1. What are your most important goals?

Whether you’re selling a product or a service, you need to fill a need for your customer. For that reason, it helps to know what their goals are. There’s always at least one thing they need help with, otherwise they wouldn’t need your product or service at all.

If it helps, you can also break this question into two questions. You can ask about both short-term and long-term goals.

2. What are your desired outcomes?

Sometimes customers will freeze up when you ask them directly about their goals. That’s fine, since many customers don’t necessary think of meeting their needs and meeting their goals as being one and the same.

So how can you figure out what your customers are trying do in that case? Ask about outcomes instead! What do they want to happen when they buy your product or service (or one like it)?

3. How can we improve?

Often the most straightforward, open-ended questions will receive the most meaningful feedback. By asking this question, you open the door to all kinds of constructive criticism which you can use to make your business better.

This is the kind of question that often results in a lot of answers, so be sure to take notes. You will then want to review your notes later and see what the underlying themes are.

4. Was our staff friendly and helpful?

This is an especially important question if you’re selling a service. A bad customer service experience can turn customers away forever. If you are having problems with staff – poor training, a rude employee, etc. – this question will help you find the root of the problem so you can address it.

5. How satisfied are you with our products (or services?)

If you’re asking questions on a survey, I recommend that you ask customers to rate your products (or services) on a scale of 1 to 10 or 1 to 5. There is a benefit to asking this question in a way that requires a quantitative response. If you’re looking for positive feedback, you can filter surveys where the answer to this question is 8 of 10 (4 of 5) or better. Otherwise, if you’re looking for constructive criticism, you can filter reviews in the opposite way.

6. Did we meet your expectations?

Your customers’ experiences are inevitably filtered through their expectations. You can do phenomenal work and still fall short of expectations that are too high to be met. By asking your customers what they expect, you can do a few things:

  1. If customers routinely expect too much, you can find better ways to set expectations from the start.
  2. You can find unexpected ways to delight your customers by giving them things that exceed their expectations (but don’t cost much extra).
  3. You can modify your products or services to better meet their expectations in general.
On purpose or not, customers compare what they get to what they expect. Therefore, it’s very important to take their expectations into account!

7. How could we have exceeded your expectations?

This question is similar to the last but is worded in such a way where you are more likely to receive direct, actionable feedback.

8. Was it easy to purchase?

One of the most important lessons from the field of user experience sounds simple: don’t make me think!

If your website is complicated, your store has a confusing layout, or your pricing is unclear, you will lose business. It is really that simple.

By asking your existing customers if it was easy to purchase, you can identify any roadblocks that keep people from buying from you. Correcting them may help you turn otherwise lost leads into conversions.

9. How likely are you to purchase again?

Steady revenue is the lifeblood of a business. By asking your customers if they are likely to purchase again, you can better forecast revenues. Perhaps more importantly, if the answer is no, it gives you a chance to ask why and figure out what to improve.

10. What is the reason you purchased from us?

If you want to draw more customers to your business, sometimes it helps to ask your customers why they reached out to you in the first place. Your customers’ answers to this question may reveal a pattern and help you find (or refine) your niche!

11. What was the most memorable thing from your experience with us?

No matter how good or bad your customer’s experience was, the memory will eventually fade. The details will slip away and only a handful of things will remain. Asking your customers what the most memorable experience they had with your company will give you insight into how people will see you a year, two years, or five years down the road.

12. What are your biggest challenges?

This is very similar to the “goals” question above, but by focusing on challenges instead of goals or outcomes, you will find out what is annoying or worrying your customers. When you find that out, you’ve identified a need. If you can adequately address that need, then people will be more likely to work with your business in the future.

In essence, by asking about challenges, you can figure out their goals (i.e. “eliminating the challenge”).

What do your customers want to accomplish? Asking them about their challenges can help you figure out their goals (even when they don’t know what their goals are).
First time marketing your small business?
We know marketing can be confusing. Download our free marketing checklist for advice.

13. What features could you not live without?

Whether you’re providing a product or a service, certain basic needs will have to be met. They might be what makes your company’s offerings unique, but they might not be. Sometimes they’re just basic qualities that you have to provide.

14. Which features could you live without?

This is the negative version of the above question. It can help you identify what is not worth spending money on. While it is tempting to make products or provide services with all the bells and whistles, it’s often expensive and distracts from what’s really important. Knowing what you can stop focusing on will make your life a lot easier!

15. Would you rather cut costs or increase productivity?

This is a variant of a question I found in a HubSpot article. This question doesn’t apply to every business, but it’s good for B2B businesses. By asking whether costs or productivity is more important, you can focus more on what matters most to your client. Plus, this question will give you a sense of how your company’s performance will be evaluated in a B2B relationship.

16. Why did you choose us over the competition?

In order to find your niche, you need to do at least one thing better than your competition for a given market. For those who choose to do business with you, asking them why they chose your business is very insightful. This allows you to identify your strengths so you can market them.

17. What would you say about your experience?

This open-ended question gives customers a chance to talk about their experiences – both positive and negative. Like asking “how can we improve,” this gives customers a chance to say what they really think without prompting.

18. What is your favorite thing about our (product or service)?

Asking your customers directly about what they like the most about your service gives you a sense of what your unique value proposition is. Much like “why did you choose us over the competition,” this is a question that can help you find your niche or tweak your messaging if you find your actual strengths are not what you’ve been advertising the most.

Finding out what your customers love about your business helps you find your unique value proposition!

19. What is your least favorite thing about our (product or service)?

On the flip side, asking customers what they do not like about your business gives you a chance to identify issues that are either stopping people from purchasing or causing them not to purchase again.

20. Where do you look for information about our industry?

If you want to promote your business more effectively, you need to figure out how to be seen by more people. One of the best ways to do this is to ask your current customers how they are doing their research. This lets you identify where people with intent to purchase are already looking. You can then direct your efforts toward being featured on those websites (or social media channels, trade publications, and so on).

21. How did you find us?

Similar to the previous question, asking customers how they found you (as opposed to where they do their research) will help you find specific places that people are using to find your business. This can help you figure out how to spend your marketing budget or which channels you need to be featured on.

22. What were you using before you found us?

There are basically two possible responses to this question. The first is “I wasn’t using anything” and the second is “I was using someone else’s product or service.” Knowing the answer to this question will help you identify whether you are pulling people into your market for the first time or whether you are pulling people away from your competition.

23. How likely would you be to recommend this business to a friend?

This is another question that goes great on a survey on a scale of 1 to 10 or 1 to 5. If customers rate your business 8 or higher (4 or higher), then they are very likely to recommend your business to a friend. By pleasing customers to this degree, you are likely to benefit from word-of-mouth – the cheapest, hardest-to-fake, and one of the most effective marketing types of all!

Final Thoughts on Questions to Ask Your Customers

Your customers have a wealth of information to share with you. By asking for their opinion, you can find opportunities to improve and issues to resolve. From then, you can rapidly improve, grow your business, and meet even more customers’ needs!

First time marketing your small business?
We know marketing can be confusing. Download our free marketing checklist for advice.

30 Comments

Patrick Newman · January 27, 2020 at 9:53 am

Having read through the list from the perspective of a customer, I find that #6 and #7 would *probably* answer several of the others. Oftentimes a customer’s (me) expectation might not be what the company is intending to provide. That alone could create an unfavorable experience for the customer.

    Brandon Rollins · January 27, 2020 at 10:02 am

    There’s a merit to asking the same basic questions in different ways to get different responses, but I do agree that if you are able to set sensible expectations, most of these questions quickly become redundant. (And that’s a good thing!)

    Donamae · January 27, 2020 at 3:48 pm

    Asking the same thing in different ways gets you more information. You want to know if have satisfaction and a good interaction when in contact with employees.

      I feel asking the same question in different ways gets you the truth · February 6, 2020 at 10:50 am

      Very interesting

    Arjun · February 2, 2020 at 1:44 pm

    If only everyone thought this way :/

Maria Teresa Fernandez Ferreira · January 27, 2020 at 10:13 am

very interesting and explanatory, thanks for the input.

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:14 pm

    Thank you, Maria!

Margaret Gallagher · January 27, 2020 at 2:24 pm

Clear and concise – will be invaluable for future success – Thankyou

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:14 pm

    Glad you liked the article, Margaret, and I hope you find it useful in the future!

Tammy Liscio · January 27, 2020 at 3:12 pm

Thank you for information. I agree customers input is top priority

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:15 pm

    Hi, Tammy, thank you for reading! It’s amazing how easy it is to neglect getting customer input is!

Nancy · January 27, 2020 at 7:38 pm

Excellent questions. I feel customer feedback is vital. Thank you.

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:15 pm

    Glad you liked the article, Nancy! I agree – customer feedback is absolutely vital 🙂

Jennifer Hughes · January 27, 2020 at 11:17 pm

Thank you for the great information.

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:15 pm

    Thank you for reading, Jennifer!

Avena · January 29, 2020 at 10:33 am

Very informative. Thank you

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:16 pm

    Glad you liked the article, Avena!

Vadim Lingo · January 29, 2020 at 12:50 pm

Communicating with your customers is of utmost importance these days

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:16 pm

    Completely agree, Vadim! It’s much easier for customers and businesses to have two-way communication these days, and now it’s become the norm and the expectation.

Amber Kolb · January 29, 2020 at 2:00 pm

This is some great and helpful information. I really appreciate it, thank you!

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:16 pm

    Glad you liked the article, Amber!

Veronica Christensen · January 29, 2020 at 9:05 pm

Yes customer feedback helps improve your business its very important.

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:17 pm

    Completely agree, Veronica. Customers often have the best feedback!

Josh Rankin · January 29, 2020 at 9:58 pm

This is super helpful for someone just starting out and for those that are well-experienced!

    Brandon Rollins · January 31, 2020 at 1:17 pm

    Thank you, Josh, and I hope you find this article useful in your business endeavors!

Tracie · February 2, 2020 at 4:57 am

This is great. My mum and I have been wanting to start a business for some time as we have an idea that we would like to try out small at first to see how it takes off but knowing that marketing is the key, we would need help with this so any advice you have would be greatly appreciated. This is the only thing holding us back as we don’t have enough information regarding starting a small business from home but have been wanting to do this for some time.

Driq · February 2, 2020 at 9:28 pm

very useful article! fwd this to my boss!

Rachel Shamion · February 4, 2020 at 5:05 pm

marketing is something that has always interested me.

Theresa Jenkins · February 5, 2020 at 8:18 pm

Thanks for the info … I like things that are easy to use and this was it

Geronimo Cabeza · February 6, 2020 at 7:36 am

Excellent information thank you very much

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